Cholecystectomy: proportion of patients with simple stones without complications.

Cholelithiasis is a common condition characterized by the presence of stones in the gallbladder and/or biliary tract; It affects more women, with a female / male ratio of 2 to 1. Acute cholecystitis is an acute inflammation of the gallbladder wall, accompanied by a cholelithiasis in 95% of cases; The chronic form is often characterized by recurrent colic and a contracted gallbladder, fibrotic, with thickened walls. Cholelithiasis with or without cholecystitis is an important cause of recourse to abdominal surgery. The surgery can be performed laparoscopically or by surgical incision(laparotomy). The laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now considered the "gold standard" in the treatment of gallbladder stones in uncomplicated cases. More information about:

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